Here is Westphal, not succumbing to a view of communication that either neglects or overemphasizes the receiver.
Hermeneutics is not a radical either/or. Either the author alone determines meaning or the reader alone determines meaning. In the first case, objectivity and universal validity are possible in principle; in these second case have an “anything goes” relativism in which there is no terra firma.
But are these the only two options? Might not the meaning of a text be co-produced by author and reader, the product of their interaction? Might not each contribute to the determinacy of meaning without requiring that it be absolutely determinate? If the author has a legitimate role, without it needing to be an autocrat, then the text cannot mean just anything that any reader takes it to mean. There will be boundaries. But if the reader also plays a role, these boundaries will be sufficiently generous to allow that a given text might legitimately mean somewhat different things to different people in different circumstances. Moreover, this way of viewing understanding would help us to make sense of the obvious fact that differences of interpretation are the rule rather than the exception in literature, law, and theology.
Merold Westphal, Whose Community? Which Interpretation? Philosophical Hermeneutics for the Church (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2009), 53–54.